International Space Station
The Shuttle-Mir Program was Phase 1 of the International Space Station (ISS)
Program, in which the U.S. and Russia is joined by many European nations, plus
Japan, Canada, and Brazil.
The first construction flights of ISS began in 1998. Construction will require
45 space flights on three different types of launch vehicles over a five-year
NASA has identified these mission goals for ISS:
- To create a permanent
orbiting science institute in space capable of performing long-duration research
in the materials and life sciences areas in a nearly gravity-free environment.
- To conduct medical research
- To develop new materials
and processes in collaboration with industry.
- To accelerate breakthroughs
in technology and engineering that will have immediate, practical applications
for life on Earth-and will create jobs and economic opportunities today and
in the decades to come.
- To maintain U.S. leadership
in space and in global competitive-ness, and to serve as a driving force for
- To forge new partnerships
with the nations of the world.
- To inspire our children,
foster the next generation of scientists, engineers, and entrepreneurs.
- To satisfy humanity's
ancient need to explore and achieve.
- To sustain and strengthen
the United States' strongest export sector-aerospace technology-which in 1995
exceeded $33 billion.
Phase 1 Started
Early Space Stations
Video: Space Station History
only version available
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