Shuttle-Mir History/Tours/Long Tour

Shannon Lucid in the entrance of the shuttle's transfer tunnel.

Long Tour

The Long Tour visits about 80 web pages, to present a broad, chronological overview of the Shuttle-Mir Program.

To take the Long Tour, first select Welcome.

Then, keep selecting the "Continue Long Tour" buttons, found at the bottom of every Long Tour web page.

Feel free to visit the many interesting side-links. Use the "Back" button to get back on the tour.

Other site tours are also available. To learn about other tours, select Tours.

For a complete index of this site, select Site Map.

The Long Tour web pages are listed in order, below.

Long Tour: Background

Before Shuttle-Mir, the U.S. and the Soviet Union pioneered the way for their joint adventure in long-duration space flight.

Welcome
Cooperation Timeline 1962 - 1993
NASA
NASA and Human Spaceflight
Russia
Russia and Spaceflight
Russian Space Agency and Energia
Early Space Stations
Long-Duration Spaceflight
Life in Microgravity
Skylab
Video: Skylab
Apollo-Soyuz
NASA's Shuttle Orbiter
Space Shuttle Life
Russia's Mir Space Station
Diagram of Mir

 

Long Tour: 1994-95

In 1994, Russian cosmonaut Sergei Krikalev flew aboard shuttle mission STS-60. In 1995, STS-63 rendezvoused with Mir. American astronaut Norman Thagard launched to Mir aboard a Russian Soyuz, spent 115 days in space, and returned to Earth with STS-74.

How "Phase 1" Started
Goals of the Shuttle-Mir Program
How Phase 1 Was Organized
Operations
Director of Operations, Russia
Mission Control Center - Moscow
NASA Mir Ground Support
Mir Onboard Operations
Communications
"Flight Docs"
Star City Life
Cultural Background
Language
Training
Training of Astronauts in Russia
Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center
STS-60: First Cosmonaut on the Shuttle
STS-63: First Rendezvous with Mir
STS-63 Videos
Thagard Increment: First Astronaut on Mir
Baikonur
Soyuz
Thagard Increment: Videos
STS-71: First Shuttle-Mir Docking
STS-71: Videos
STS-74: A New Docking Module
Docking Module
STS-74 Videos

Long Tour: 1996

U.S. astronaut Shannon Lucid launched to Mir aboard STS-76 to set an American long-duration spaceflight record of 188 days. Lucid returned to Earth on STS-79, which brought up Lucid's replacement astronaut, John Blaha.

STS-76: Starting a Continuous U.S. Presence
STS-76 Videos
Lucid Increment: One for the Records
Lucid Increment: Videos
STS-79: Blaha Succeeds Lucid
STS-79: Videos
Blaha Increment: Keeping it Going
Blaha Increment: Videos

Long Tour: 1997

U.S. astronaut Jerry Linenger launched to Mir aboard STS-81, to replace John Blaha. A fire broke out on Mir during Linenger's spaceflight of 132 days. Astronaut Mike Foale launched to Mir aboard STS-84, to replace Linenger. During Foale's 144-day spaceflight, a Russian Progress resupply ship collided with Mir, causing a decompression.

STS-81: Linenger Succeeds Blaha
STS-81: Videos
Linenger Increment: A Spacewalk and a Fire
The Fire
Linenger Increment: Videos
Risk and Safety
STS-84: Foale Succeeds Linenger
STS-84: Videos
Foale Increment: Collision and Recovery
Foale Increment: Videos
STS-86: Wolf Succeeds Foale
STS-86: Videos
Wolf Increment: Back Toward Normal
Wolf Increment: Videos

Long Tour: 1998

U.S. astronaut Andy Thomas launched to Mir aboard STS-89, to replace David Wolf. Thomas' stay on Mir was the seventh and last of the Shuttle-Mir Program. He returned to earth with shuttle mission STS-91, after 140 days in orbit.

STS-89: Thomas Succeeds Wolf
STS-89: Videos
Thomas Increment :Smoothest Sailing
Thomas Increment: Videos
STS-91: Closing Out Shuttle-Mir
STS-91: Videos

Long Tour: Review

Benefits of Shuttle-Mir
Culbertson on Value
Science
Video Tour of Spaceflight History
Video: Space Station History


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