Shuttle-Mir History/Science/Microgravity

Microgravity experiments focus on materials processing and biotechnology in space, and involve studying cell cultures, producing metals, and growing crystals. By studying fundamental properties and processes of chemistry, physics, materials and fluids, NASA hopes to identify appropriate future technology needs. For instance, researchers would like to demonstrate the feasibility of producing improved materials (larger, purer crystals and stronger metal alloys) in space.

Studying phenomena such as crystal growth and the creation of new metals in space requires special hardware, such as furnaces, acceleration sensors, crystal growth facilities and cell culture chambers. Not only did researchers learn about fundamental properties, but they also learned valuable information about how to build beneficial technology facilities for future space stations.

 

Experiments List:
Ambient Diffusion-Controlled Protein Crytal Growth (DCAM)
Angular Liquid Bridge Experiment (ALB) - MGBX
Binary Colloidal Alloy Tests (BCAT1 & 2) - MGBX
Biochemistry of 3-D Tissue Engineering (BIO3D) - BTS
Biotechnology System (BTS) Coculture
Biotechnology System (BTS) Diagnostic Experiment
Biotechnology System (BTS) Facility Operations
Canadian Protein Crystallization Experiment (CAPE) - MIM
Candle Flame in Microgravity (CFM) - MGBX
Cartilage in Space - BTS
Colloidal Gelatin (CGEL)
Forced Flow Flame Spreading Test (FFFT) - MGBX
Interface Configuration Experiment (ICE) - MGBX
Interferometric Study of Protein Crystal Growth (IPCG) - MGBX
Liquid Metal Diffusion Experiment (LMD) - MIM
Mechanics of Granular Materials (MGM)
Microgravity Glovebox (MGBX) Facility Operations
Microgravity Isolation Mount (MIM) Facility Operations
Opposed Flame Flow Spread on Cylindrical Surfaces (OFFS) - MGBX
Passive Accelerometer System (PAS) - MGBX
Protein Crystal Growth (PCG) GN2 Dewar (Phase 1A)
Protein Crystal Growth (PCG) GN2 Dewar
Protein Crystal Growth (PCG)/Vapor Diffusion Apparatus (VDA-2) - STES
Queen's University Experiment in Liquid Diffusion (QUELD) - MIM
Space Acceleration Measurement System (SAMS) Operations (Phase 1A)
Space Acceleration Measurement System (SAMS) Operations
Technological Evaluation of MIM (TEM-1 & 2)

 

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