Kvant means "quantum," a name derived from its purpose to provide research in the physics of galaxies, quasars and neutron stars, by measuring electromagnetic spectra and x-ray emissions. Kvant-1 also supported biotechnology experiments. Added to the Mir core module in 1987, the 11.5-ton Kvant-1 measured 4 meters by 13 meters long, with 40 cubic meters of pressurized volume.
More detailed discussions of the Mir space station and its modules can be found in David Portree's Mir Hardware Heritage, available on this Web site in PDF format.
Mir Space Station
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