upgraded general-purpose computers (AP-101S) will replace the existing
GPCs aboard the space shuttle orbiters in late 1988 or early 1989.
The upgraded computers allow NASA to incorporate more capabilities
into the orbiters and apply advanced computer technologies that
were not available when the orbiter was first designed. The new
computer design began in January 1984, whereas the older design
began in January 1972. The upgraded GPCs provide 2.5 times the existing
memory capacity and up to three times the existing processor speed
with minimum impact on flight software. They are half the size,
weigh approximately half as much, and require less power to operate.