crewmembers in training travel around the world to prepare
for their missions long before they begin orbiting it.
every astronaut training for an Expedition mission is planning to
fly around the Earth many times, completing an orbit every 90 minutes
or so. But before that can happen, he or she must first prepare
for the mission by training at several locations around the world.
Johnson Space Center
The Johnson Space Center, or JSC, in Houston, Texas, is home base for NASA's
astronauts and a "home away from home" for visiting cosmonauts
and Expedition crewmembers from other countries.
JSC is also
the primary training location for Expedition crews. Teams of professional
instructors use its classrooms, standalone training facilities,
integrated simulation environments and laboratories to help crewmembers
to prepare for their missions.
the Kennedy Space Center in Florida, Expedition Five Flight
Engineer Peggy Whitson practices operating the International
Space Station's Microgravity Glovebox six months before
her mission begins.
Center, or KSC, is located on Florida's Atlantic Coast. NASA's Space
Shuttle launches from KSC carrying crews, Space Station components
and supplies. Crewmembers gain hands-on experience with the actual
elements before they are launched by visiting KSC's Space Station
crews that will be travelling to the Station on the Space Shuttle
also visit KSC to train for launch and practice emergency procedures.
Canada is contributing
an essential component of the International Space Station, the Mobile
Servicing System, which includes Canadarm2 and the Mobile Base System.
receive robotics training to prepare them for complex arm operations.
Operations Training Environment is located at the Canadian Space
Agency's headquarters in Saint-Hubert, Quebec. It provides crewmembers
with an immersive virtual-reality environment in which they can
watch a simulated arm move in three dimensions and gain a deeper
understanding of the Canadarm2's movements relative to external
structures on the Station.
Cosmonaut Training Center
Star City, Russia
Expedition 1 Commander Bill Shepherd practices for a spacewalk
Hydrolab at Star City, Russia.
Cosmonaut Training Center, located near Moscow, is the primary training
facility for Russian elements of the Station. Professional instructors
use classrooms, simulators and full-scale mockups provide crewmembers
with the vital knowledge they will need to work in the Zvezda Service
Module and the Zarya Module.
a pool similar to the Neutral Buoyancy Lab at the Johnson Space Center -- offers a realistic training environment for spacewalks
performed out of the Russian airlock in Russian spacewalking suits.
has been home to Russian space launches since Kazakhstan was a part
of the old Soviet Union. The complex of launch pads and support
facilities are known cumulatively as the Baikonur Cosmodrome. Expedition
crews and taxi crews who will travel to the Station aboard a Soyuz
spacecraft go to Baikonur for some of their Soyuz training.