Statistics on women in American space flight:

From 1981 through 1998, NASA launched 94 space shuttle flights.

  • 57 flights (60.6%) had at least one female crew member
  • 37 flights (39.7%) did not have female crew members
From February 1995 to December 1998, NASA launched 28 shuttle flights.
  • 22 flights (78.5%) had at least one female crew member
All five flights in 1998 included at least one female crew member.

NASA has launched 12 consecutive missions with female crew members. The last mission to fly without a female crew member was STS-82 in February 1997.

In 1978, there were 28 astronauts, all male. With the arrival of that year's Astronaut Candidate class, 27 males and 6 females joined the corps:*
  • women comprised 0.95% of the astronaut population in 1978
  • women comprised 17% of the 1978 Class
Women currently constitute 22.9% of the astronaut corps*
  • 144 total astronauts
  • 33 total females
Women currently constitute 0.65% of the pilot astronaut category*
  • 46 total pilots
  • 3 female pilots

*source: Johnson Space Center Astronaut Selection Office. Does not include international astronauts; 4/12/99.