to shuttle mission STS-70, workers discovered 195
damaged spots in the insulating foam on Discovery's
external tank. A nesting pair of Flicker Woodpeckers
caused the damage. Workers located a nest in the
gaseous oxygen vent arm area and removed the nest.
In addition, workers placed plastic decoy owls,
pictured left, and a "Terror Eyes" balloon
on the pad and used horns and chirpers to discourage
birds. These measures were set up by NASA's Bird
Investigation Review and Deterrent, or BIRD, team
to discourage future destructive action by the woodpeckers.
launched on July 13, 1995.