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Soviet/Russian space stations and other spacecraft are described more completely in David S.F. Portree's "Mir Hardware Heritage" (NASA RP-1357), available in Documents. This publication describes what is known in the West about the heritage of the major hardware elements associated with the Mir space station complex, including the Mir base block, the Soyuz-TM crew transports, and the Progress-M supply ships.
This work is divided into four parts. Part 1, "Soyuz," examines the Soyuz spacecraft and its derivatives, including those used in the abandoned manned lunar landing program. Part 2, "Almaz, Salyut, and Mir," looks at the Almaz and Long-Duration Orbital Station (Russians acronym DOS) space stations. The major portion of Part 2 is devoted to the three DOS multiport stations, Salyut 6, Salyut 7, and Mir. Part 3, covering the "Space Station Modules," describes their surprisingly convoluted heritage with particular attention given to the Mir modules Kvant, Kvant-2, and Kristall. Part 4 is a chronology comparing U.S. and Soviet/Russian manned spaceflight developments from 1970 to its conclusion (November 1994).
Mir Hardware Heritage
Russia and Spaceflight
Mir Space Station
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Responsible NASA Official: John Ira Petty