Manager, Mir EVA Office
Oleg Tsygankov served as the manager of the Mir EVA (extravehicular activity) office, which is responsible for EVA technical support and Mir maintenance. Tsygankov attended Kiev's Technological Institute. He received a Ph.D. in engineering from Moscow Aviation Institute and a doctorate from Kharkov Aviation Institute. He has worked for Energia since 1969.
In his Oral History, Tsygankov compared the Russian Orlan EVA suit with NASA's spacesuit: "[During our years] of our mutual work with NASA, we've studied, we've learned a great deal about different capabilities of Orlan and EMU [Extravehicular Mobility Unit]. Something is better in one spacesuit, something is better in another spacesuit, but from a standpoint of functionality, I would say they're both equivalent. Orlan would allow a person as high as 185 centimeters-it's about six feet, two inches-to walk into itů."
"Orlan is like a monostructure. Of course, there are some disadvantages in this concept, but there are advantages as well. A person can get into Orlan without anybody's assistance relatively quickly. You open the door from the back like a refrigerator, you walk into the spacesuit and close it. Then you're ready to do a spacewalk. Those are the special features of the Orlan."
Oleg Tsygankov Oral History (PDF)
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