Priroda means "nature," and this module's main purpose was earth remote sensing, including: the weather; the ocean-atmosphere system; land, mineral and crop conditions; and humankind's impacts and opportunities in the environment. Priroda also collected information from buoys in nuclear power, seismically dangerous, and other zones, to create an integrated monitoring and warning system. Launched in 1996 as the last of the Mir modules, the 19-ton Priroda measured 4.3 meters by 13 meters long, with solar arrays and a pressurized volume of 66 cubic meters.
More detailed discussions of the Mir space station and its modules can be found in David Portree's Mir Hardware Heritage, available on this Web site in PDF format.
Mir Space Station
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