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The CrewCargoTimelineEVAShuttle ArchivesPrevious mission: STS-91Next mission: STS-88STS-95: Science spans inner universe to outer space
Mission Patch
IMAGE: STS-95 crew patch
Mission Highlights
Mission:SPARTAN-201; John Glenn Returns to Space
Launch:Oct. 29, 1998
1:19 p.m. CST
Window:2.5 hours
Landing:Nov. 7, 1998
11:04 a.m. CST
Duration:8 days,
21 hours,
44 minutes
300 nautical
Related Links
*STS-95 MCC Status Reports
*SPARTAN Fact Sheet (12 Kb PDF)
*SPARTAN 201 Missions
*Ride with John Glenn into Microgravity
*HST Orbital Systems Test
*Student Experiment Module
*International Extreme Ultraviolet Hitchhiker-3
*STS-95 Get-Away Special payloads

IMAGE: Pilot Steve Lindsey, left, and Mission Specialist Scott Parazynski
From the Gallery: STS-95 Pilot Steve Lindsey, left, and Mission Specialist Scott Parazynski work on an experiment in SPACEHAB.

Discovery Crew Performs Wide Range of Science Experiments
During STS-95, the crew of Space Shuttle Discovery spent nine days in orbit successfully completing a large variety of experiments, including investigations in the astronomical, human physiology and physical science fields. A SPACEHAB module in the shuttle's payload bay provided a complete pressurized laboratory and work space for the crew's science activities.

Discovery launched Oct. 29, 1998, with a seven-member crew: Commander Curt Brown, Pilot Steven Lindsey, Mission Specialists Scott Parazynski, Pedro Duque and Stephen Robinson and Payload Specialists Chiaki Mukai and John Glenn. Duque, a native of Madrid, Spain, represented the European Space Agency, and Mukai represented NASDA, the Japanese Space Agency.

One highlight of the mission was the free-flight of SPARTAN 201, an experiment package that was carried to orbit in Discovery's cargo bay. Robinson used the shuttle's robotic arm to lift the payload from its berth and gently release it to fly on its own. The spacecraft spent two days gathering data before being retrieved and stored on the shuttle once more. Researchers used the SPARTAN data to better understand the solar wind, a phenomenon that sometimes can cause widespread disruptions of communications and power supplies on Earth.

A payload carried in Discovery's cargo bay verified the flight readiness of hardware destined for a Hubble Space Telescope maintenance mission that would be carried out a year later.

STS-95 Payload Specialist Chiaki Mukai
*Transcripts of Live Downlinked Events
*Human Research
*STS-95 Press Kit
*STS-95 Science Fact Sheets

John Glenn

IMAGE: Payload Specialist John Glenn
STS-95 Payload Specialist John Glenn works aboard Space Shuttle Discovery.

Check out a comparison of Glenn's two spacecraft, Friendship 7 and Space Shuttle Discovery.

American Space Pioneer Flies Again
Space Shuttle Discovery carried former U.S. Sen. John Glenn to space during STS-95. In 1962, Glenn was the first American to orbit the Earth. At the age of 77, he added another milestone to NASA's history by becoming the oldest human to fly in space.

Glenn's first flight -- aboard the Mercury spacecraft Friendship 7 -- lasted less than five hours. Thirty-five years later, his second flight lasted almost nine days. During the 1998 shuttle mission, Glenn conducted a series of investigations into the physiology of the human aging process.

Scientists recognize several parallels between the effects of space flight on the human body and the natural changes that take place as a person ages. Glenn's experiments were designed to test how his body responded to the microgravity environment.

Curator: Kim Dismukes | Responsible NASA Official: John Ira Petty | Updated: 12/10/2003
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