science researchers study photos such as this image
of Lake Issyk-Kul’ and Tien Shan, Kyrgyzstan, which was
taken by a space shuttle astronaut in 1994.|
Life Support and Gravitational Biology
Researchers using the Biomass Production Chamber at Kennedy Space
Center, Fla., are developing technologies and learning how to grow
plants in a closed bioregenerative environment.
Space Propulsion Laboratory
The Advanced Space Propulsion Laboratory is developing a new type of
rocket technology, the Variable Specific Impulse Magnetoplasma Rocket.
This new type of technology could dramatically shorten human transit
times between planets (about 3 months to Mars).
The Advanced Technology Integration Web site is for any technology developer
interested in partnering with NASA to advance technologies for human
space flight. The site includes information on NASA technology needs
and features more than 50 streaming audio talks.
The mission of Biological Systems Office at Johnson Space Center is to use NASA’s unique resources to conduct and support world-class,
peer-reviewed research in the areas of cell biology, tissue engineering,
disease modeling and vaccine and drug development.
The International Space Station Commercial Opportunity is about
stimulating business investment in the development of new markets
and industries in low-Earth orbit. NASA uses its position as both
a customer and a service provider to stimulate new commercial space
businesses and let the market take over when it reaches profitability.
Space Station Experiments
Scientists are taking advantage of the microgravity environment
to perform longterm experiments aboard the International Space Station.
Scientists study NASA's high-resolution photographs of the ever-changing
Earth to learn about the planetary processes that affect its ecology.
Research and Technology
The goals of the Engineering Research and Technology, or ERT, program
include maximizing the use of the International Space Station as
a unique on-orbit laboratory.
and Environmental Factors Office
The Habitability and Environmental Factors Office at Johnson Space Center, Houston, Texas, is responsible for providing a safe and
productive environment for any human spacecraft or habitat. It oversees
the research and technology development to enable humans to safely
and effectively live and work in space.
The Human Space Science Critical Path Road Map identifies the dangers
of space flight to the human body and seeks to shows the steps required
to mitigating those dangers.
NASA has several mechanisms by which scientists can apply to participate
in space research.
Space Biomedical Research Institute
The NSBRI combines the basic research capabilities of some of the
nation's leading biomedical research laboratories and universities
with the operational and applied research of NASA to understand
the effects of the space flight environment on the human body and
to provide "countermeasures" which support future human exploration
for both men and women.
The Nutritional Biochemistry Laboratory was established in 1989
to define the nutritional requirements for space flight. The laboratory
supports operational assessment of crewmember nutritional status,
as well as ground-based and flight research projects. Research projects
have included studies of the effects of space flight on energy and
nutrient metabolism, body composition, erythropoiesis, fluid and
electrolyte homeostasis, and the human musculoskeletal system.
The Space Physiology Laboratory at NASA Ames Research Center, Mountain
View, Calif., investigates three interrelated areas: structural
and functional adaptations to gravity, acclimation to microgravity
and countermeasures to adverse effects of space flight.
Radiation Health Project
The purpose and vision of NASA’s Space Radiation Health Project
is to achieve human exploration and development of space without
exceeding an acceptable level of risk from exposure to space radiation.